Texas Pasture Plus Organic

What are Biostimulants?

The term Biostimulant is defined as a substance that is neither a plant food nor a pesticide, but has a positive impact on plant health. A Biostimulant is an organic material that, when applied in small quantities, enhances plant growth and development such that the response cannot be attributed to application of traditional plant nutrients. Biostimulants have been shown to influence several metabolic processes such as respiration, photosynthesis, nucleaic acid synthesis and ion uptake. Biostimulants are not fertilizers meant to correct a severe nutrient deficiency, but are mixtures of one or more things such as microorganisms, trace elements, enzymes, phytohormones, and seaweed extracts. They may enhance nutrient availability, water-holding capacity, increase antioxidants, enhance metabolism and increase chlorophyll production. Biostimulants do not act directly against pests. They contain small amounts of nutrients, but their primary function is not as a fertilizer. They complement plant protection products (PPP’s) and fertilizers by enabling plants to make optimal use of these conventional inputs. - See more at: http://www.fast2grow.com/overview-2/#sthash.wBbT49kw.dpuf

Liquid Molasses

Liquid molasses is sweet syrup that is used as a food, but also as a soil amendment to feed and stimulate microorganisms. It is normally sprayed at 1 – 2 oz. per gallon of water. Like the dry molasses, it provides food for microorganisms and is a source of carbon, sulfur and potash. It is a quick source of energy for the soil life and microbes living the soil, or the compost pile, and will help chase fire ants away. Liquid molasses is used in sprays to help organic pest controls and as an ingredient in many organic fertilizers. It is also a major ingredient in liquid Garrett Juice.
Liquid molasses is an excellent foliar feeding material by itself and can be mixed with other organic liquids. It can be used for agriculture at 2 - 4 quarts per acre for soil application. For foliar application on broadleaf plants, use 1 pint per acre. For grasses and grains, use 1 quart per acre. Blackstrap molasses is the best choice because it contains the sulfur and iron of the original material. Since it is hard to find, any molasses will work, but in general, the darker ones work best. None of the liquid molasses products last as long as the dry version.

Fish Emulsion

Fish emulsion is a natural organic fertilizer that is often higher in nitrogen than in some other nutrients. Although not a high nitrogen fertilizer, it adds more nitrogen and can, as a result, be good for green, leafy plants. However, its balance of nutrients is good for almost any growing plant.

Fish emulsion is made by letting fish scraps rot in warm water for several months. As the water evaporates and the fish scraps decompose, the emulsion becomes thicker. The amount of time it steeps depends on the desired concentration of the emulsion. After it has steeped, the solids are strained out, and the resulting liquid is diluted and used as a Some fish emulsions are concentrated to the point that they become more like a gelatinous paste. These types of emulsions usually need more dilution than fully liquid emulsions.  Most commercial fish emulsions are 5-1-1 or 5-2-2 fertilizers. That means that they are 5 percent nitrogen and 1 or 2 percent phosphorous and potassium. Fish emulsions often also contain trace minerals and other organic nutrients that are beneficial to your plantMany people use a combination of fish emulsion and seaweed emulsion, which provides many more trace elements without affecting the nitrogen-phosphorous-potassium balance of the fish emulsion. Fish and kelp emulsion are often sold next to each other at many garden centers.

Advantages Over Other Fertilizers

Because it is a liquid fertilizer, diluted fish emulsion moves quickly down through the soil where it is broken up by micro-organisms into forms usable by your plants. Powdered organic fertilizers must first mix with water and move through the soil. Because fish emulsion penetrates the soil more quickly, its nutrients are available more quickly to your plant. 

Advantages of Using Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer

It promotes additional buds when applied as the plants are beginning to bud.

It extends the shelf life of fruits and vegetables if applied 10 days before harvesting

It lengthens the life of cut flowers if they are sprayed with Liquid Seaweed a day or two before cutting.

Treating seeds or seed pieces with Liquid Seaweed prior to planting will improve seed germination, root growth, and early seedling vigor.

Liquid Seaweed also can be used as a rooting solution. Place cuttings in a solution of Liquid Seaweed and water until roots develop, then plant. When planting, water in with Liquid Seaweed solution.

Liquid Seaweed applied to pasture crops increases the nutrient uptake, the protein content, and overall quality of the crop.

Seaweed organic fertilizers can be used as a soil treatment to grow healthier, stronger, and more disease-resistant plants.

A wide range of beneficial effects have been reported from the use of liquid seaweed extracts including increased crop yields, resistance of plants to frost, increased uptake of inorganic constituents from the soil, more resistance to stress conditions and reductions in storage losses of fruit.

Promotes vigorous growth and helps deter pests and diseases on fruit, flowers, vegetables, lawns etc.

Seaweed has more than 70 minerals, vitamins, and enzymes.

Seaweed fertilizers are especially useful in organic gardening. They contain almost every micro-nutrient in a fully chelated (immediately available) form. They deliver a healthy dose of natural plant hormones. Seaweed is full of carbohydrates, which the plants use as a building block and which large populations of beneficial micro-organisms use as a food source.

Alginates, (sponge-like starches found in seaweed), hold water droplets near the plant roots, making moisture available to them without drowning them; they also help enrich the soil by feeding myriad beneficial microorganisms such as bacteria and tiny fungi necessary to composting.

Research at major universities has shown that seeds soaked in seaweed extract germinate more rapidly, have larger root mass, stronger plant growth and higher survival rate. Soaking plant roots in seaweed extract reduces transplant shock and speeds root growth.

Several university studies have shown that seaweed can produce dramatic results in plants: geraniums produced more flowers per plant; grapes were sweeter; gladiolus corms grew larger; and cucumber yields increased 40 percent and the fruits suffered less often from softening and rotting. Improved yields after seaweed treatments were measured in potatoes, sweet corn, peppers, tomatoes, apples, strawberries, okra, and oranges. Better frost tolerance, increased seed germination, and greater capacity to absorb trace elements were other documented benefits for plants.

1Seaweed fertilizers have many benefits. They provide natural hormones and many nutrients not found in other forms of fertilizer. Since most plants absorb their nutrients through the leaves, applying this with a foliar method will benefit the plant even more. Foliar simply means placing the fertilizer on the leaf itself. As the plant absorbs the sunlight it needs, it will also be absorbing the nutrients found in the fertilizer.

 Another major component in liquid seaweed fertilizers are the hormones. The main hormones in seaweed are auxins, gibbelerins, cytokinins and betaines. The roles of these hormones are essential to plant health. Most of these are only required in very small proportions. There are many different auxins and they all have their specific roles. Their main functions are the balanced control of speed of growth. They have both growth stimulating as well as delaying functions. They stimulate root-growth, prevent bud-forming or opening at the wrong times.

1Seaweed can play an important role in the production of the plant's own auxins, because the enzymes formed with the help of trace elements from the liquid seaweed fertilizer play an important role in the formation of these auxins.

Cytokinins are another group of important plant hormones. They initiate and activate basic growth processes. The cytokinins available in liquid seaweed extract stimulate growth with greater vigour, because they mobilise nutrients in the leaves. They also provide protection from marginal frost (to -3 C). Cytokinins also retard the senescence (aging processes) in the plant.

Betaines play an essential role in the osmotic processes in plants. They help to increase the water uptake in plants and are extremely helpful in dry conditions. Betaines are particularly helpful to plants under stress.

Liquid seaweed fertilizers, (especially the alginates in the seaweed) act as soil conditioners. The alginates react with metals in the soil and form long and cross-linked polymers in the soil. These polymers improve the crumbing in the soil, and swell up when they get wet, and retain moisture for a long period.